The virtualization of environments is rapidly becoming democratized in the last several years and this requires that companies who adopt them also review their backup strategy.
Failures and incidents that can occur on physical servers can also occur on virtual machines, whether it’s hacking, viruses, external or internal manipulations. Companies must put in place systems that will allow them to deal with these potential risks.
To put in place an optimal backup strategy for a virtual environment, it is necessary to take into account the two missions of data recovery:
• Incident and partial data loss management
When in a situation of incident / partial loss of data management, employing the data recovery formula may be inadequate to recover specific data.
Hence the need for a two-pronged strategy that can meet as much the RPO goals as the RTO ones.
This is what is called a block-level backup, that is to say snapshots or images. This is a backup of data without actually knowing its nature or composition. In the context of the virtualization of systems, the data that is the object of the backup is abstracted by the virtual machine, acting as a container.
The benefit of this level of backup is that it involves no specific configurations for each virtual machine, ensuring that a data collection strategy can be implemented with very little effort, and without affecting users.
On the other hand, in a data recovery situation, the level of granularity being at the level of the virtual machines, does not cater easily to the recovery of specific application data.
Backups at the content level creates a set of secondary data which is much more granular and responds to specific business needs in the case of an incident. Being more specialized, this backup is normally carried out through specific agents that can identify between a database transaction, an email exchanged through your mail system, documents stored on your collaboration site, or simply just files on a shared network.
The main benefit is the ability to establish a policy for the recovery / retention of data with a highly accurate level of granularity, in addition to providing the tools to easily recover the data.
The common denominator in all IT infrastructures, whether virtual or physical, is the need to be able to recover the configurations of servers and their data. However, the constraints of RTO (Recovery Time Objective), RPO (Recovery Point Objective) and the data retention policy will vary in each company, and will dictate the strategies required for high and low level backup.
Each type of back-up meets a specific need and it can not be said that a low level backup has more advantages than a high-level backup. Within a virtualized environment, the two backup levels are needed to optimize infrastructure resilience, reduce the risk of data loss and facilitate recovery.
For several years, deduplication technologies have been helping to manage the overwhelming volume of data caused by backups in order to meet retention policies. We also saw the arrival of converged solutions, integrating high and low level backup under a single unified data set.
Although these products represent the future in recovery technologies, it is still important to predict the volume of data that will be produced, the impact with regards to storage requirements, and an obsolescence strategy (especially when there is retention for 7 years).
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